Review of developments in transport in Asia and the Pacific 2013

Transport as a key to sustainable development and regional integration

image of Review of developments in transport in Asia and the Pacific 2013
This review is biennially produced by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). It describes the environment within which the transport sector is developing and the principal challenges that this environment poses to governments, the transport industry and society at large. The publication also focuses on tracing the significant development of roads, railways, shipping, ports, inland waterways and air transport industries and infrastructure in the region. In addition, it considers the changing delivery mechanisms across all transport sectors and discusses urban transport issues. Finally, the review examines the process of globalization, trade agreements related to transport, regionalism, collocation of production transport facilities, as well as intermodal transport systems.



Facilitating operations on regional transport networks

Although international trade is largely transported by sea due to the cost advantages provided by this mode, land transport remains critical for regional economic exchanges as it is commonly used for short and medium distances as well as for long distance haulage, particularly when minimising time is important. For countries which are landlocked, it is the only available option for accessing world markets. For these landlocked countries, Figure 2.1 highlights how physical and non-physical barriers are ultimately reflected in transport costs, with many paying more than double the world average export or import transport costs.


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