Review of developments in transport in Asia and the Pacific 2013

Transport as a key to sustainable development and regional integration

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This review is biennially produced by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). It describes the environment within which the transport sector is developing and the principal challenges that this environment poses to governments, the transport industry and society at large. The publication also focuses on tracing the significant development of roads, railways, shipping, ports, inland waterways and air transport industries and infrastructure in the region. In addition, it considers the changing delivery mechanisms across all transport sectors and discusses urban transport issues. Finally, the review examines the process of globalization, trade agreements related to transport, regionalism, collocation of production transport facilities, as well as intermodal transport systems.




Transport is an essential element in the development of Asia and the Pacific, and has played a critical role in the region’s rapid economic growth. Transport networks facilitate the movement of people and goods, ensuring that labour, raw materials, products and ideas can move around easily and contribute to the social, economic and environmental betterment of the region. The challenge of the coming decades will be, however, to ensure that transport policies and investments contribute to more sustainable and inclusive development paths. Mitigating the negative externalities of transport is a necessary step in ensuring the sustainability and inclusiveness of transport networks.


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