Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2015

Transport for Sustainable Development and Regional Connectivity

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This latest biennial Review sets out transport developments in the ESCAP region, focusing ontrade trends and forecasts, and their effect on transport, while also taking into account the external factors affecting transport systems and infrastructure provision, in the context of transport’s contribution the UN global agenda on sustainable development. The Review acts as a mechanism for reporting on the achievements made in the provision of transport infrastructure and services; the challenges remaining in regional, urban and rural connectivity; and on public health issues such as road safety and fossil fuel emissions.




Asia and the Pacific continues to be the world’s largest trading region, accounting for almost 40 per cent of the world’s exports and imports. Despite turbulence in the global economy caused by the 2008/09 financial crisis, many countries in the region managed to maintain positive growth. This growth has been the result of many factors, Among others, this has partly been achieved through steps to liberalize trade taken by countries over the last twenty years, which have deepened trade and investment ties within the region, and through the development of transport infrastructure and services, which has connected newly emerging production and consumption centres across a wider range of countries.


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