Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2015

Transport for Sustainable Development and Regional Connectivity

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This latest biennial Review sets out transport developments in the ESCAP region, focusing ontrade trends and forecasts, and their effect on transport, while also taking into account the external factors affecting transport systems and infrastructure provision, in the context of transport’s contribution the UN global agenda on sustainable development. The Review acts as a mechanism for reporting on the achievements made in the provision of transport infrastructure and services; the challenges remaining in regional, urban and rural connectivity; and on public health issues such as road safety and fossil fuel emissions.



Urban transport

The Asia-Pacific region is home to more than two billion urban residents, representing 55 per cent of the world’s urban population — a figure set to rise to 64 per cent by 2050.1 Unprecedented population growth and the expansion of Asian cities are putting tremendous pressure on urban transport systems, while the rapid growth of private vehicle ownership has led to worsening traffic congestion, increasing fossil fuel consumption, and greater road traffic crashes, car emissions and air pollution.


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