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Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2017

image of Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2017

ThIs review discusses the key contribution of transport to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in Asia and the Pacific. It looks at emerging trends in transport in the region and presents initiatives that are making transport systems cleaner, safer, more efficient, and more affordable. It provides an update on the status of the Asian Highway and Trans-Asian Railway networks, seaports, airports as well as progress in the development of intermodal linkages such as dry ports. It describes regional strategies and mechanisms to facilitate regional transport operational connectivity. The Review reports on the initiatives of the cities of the region to stem the social and economic losses from increasing congestion and pollution. It acknowledges the increasing role of intelligent transport systems for urban and intercity mobility and recognizes the role of rural accessibility It also reports the region’s greater interest and the need in further improving road safety.

English

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Road safety

Road traffic crashes resulted in some 733,000 deaths on Asia-Pacific roads in 20131. In addition to the “human” cost, road crashes result in tangible economic losses to victims, their families and nations as a whole. Because of the growing epidemic of road crashes, the issue of road safety has received global attention and has become a global development agenda as reflected in relevant targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This chapter provides an overview and analysis of road safety in the region based on the data obtained from the Global Status Report on Road Safety 20152 published by World Health Organization (WHO) and ESCAP calculation. It also lists global and regional mandates aimed at improving road safety, including the Decade of Action for Road Safety, the SDGs, the Brasilia Declaration, and the updated Regional Road Safety Goals and Targets for Asia and the Pacific 2016- 2020 that was recently adopted by Asia-Pacific Transport Ministers. In addition, this chapter identifies the major causes of road traffic crashes, and highlights some policies and initiatives to make road safety improvements happen.

English

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