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Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2017

image of Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2017

ThIs review discusses the key contribution of transport to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in Asia and the Pacific. It looks at emerging trends in transport in the region and presents initiatives that are making transport systems cleaner, safer, more efficient, and more affordable. It provides an update on the status of the Asian Highway and Trans-Asian Railway networks, seaports, airports as well as progress in the development of intermodal linkages such as dry ports. It describes regional strategies and mechanisms to facilitate regional transport operational connectivity. The Review reports on the initiatives of the cities of the region to stem the social and economic losses from increasing congestion and pollution. It acknowledges the increasing role of intelligent transport systems for urban and intercity mobility and recognizes the role of rural accessibility It also reports the region’s greater interest and the need in further improving road safety.

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Regional transport operational connectivity

Logistics is a major industry, accounting for 12 per cent of global GDP. The quality and cost of providing logistics services gives a good indication of the degree to which transport infrastructure and operational connectivity is a reality, both at the national and the international levels. At the same time, good operational connectivity results in lowering the cost of logistics and increases the value-added of these services as part of GDP. The connection between GDP and logistics services is clearly shown by a study published by the Korea Transport Institute in December 2016. The study analyses the evolution of logistics costs in China, Japan and the Republic of Korea between 2001 and 2014. The conclusions can be summarized as follows.

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