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Second Assessment of Transboundary Rivers, Lakes and Groundwaters

image of Second Assessment of Transboundary Rivers, Lakes and Groundwaters
The key goal of the second Assessment of Transboundary Rivers, Lakes and Groundwaters is to keep the state of shared water resources in Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia under scrutiny. It aims to facilitate informed decision-making on their management, provide the basis for continuous bilateral and multilateral cooperation under the Water Convention, and support all actors involved at the national, transboundary and regional levels. More than 150 transboundary rivers, 40 lakes and some 200 transboundary groundwater occurrences have been assessed in close cooperation with the national environment and water administrations in the European and Asian parts of the UNECE region, and high attention is being devoted to the countries with economies in transition which are facing the biggest challenges.

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Central Asia

The subregional assessment of transboundary waters in Central Asia covers transboundary rivers, lakes and groundwaters shared by two or more of the following countries: Afghanistan, China, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The assessment of the individual transboundary surface and groundwaters in this subregion can be found in Chapters 1, 2, 3 and 4 of Section IV (drainage basins of the White Sea, Barents Sea and Kara Sea; of the Sea of Okhotsk and Sea of Japan; drainage basin of the Aral Sea and other transboundary waters in Central Asia; and drainage basin of the Caspian Sea). The assessment of transboundary waters in Central Asia also contains an assessment of a number of selected Ramsar Sites and other wetlands of transboundary importance with different transboundary settings: the Gomishan Lagoon, the Aydar-Arnasay Lakes system, the Tobol- Ishim Forest-steppe, the Xingkai Lake National Nature Reserve, Lake Khanka, the complex of Daurian Wetlands and the Ili Delta.

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