The United Nations Motorcycle Helmet Study

image of The United Nations Motorcycle Helmet Study
This study examines issues, progress and challenges in efforts to improve the safety and wellbeing of motorcycle riders through the use of approved motorcycle helmets. The growth in motorcycles is accompanied by an increase in serious and fatal accidents. Evidence shows that once internationally harmonized helmet regulations, such as the UN Regulation No. 22 type-approval system for helmets, are in place and laws on helmet wearing are enforced, these trends tend to reverse. In examining the relationship of income growth and national motorcycle fleet expansion, this study argues the socio-economic case for introduction of helmet regulations and their enforcement by delivering a benefit-cost analysis of taking such legislative actions.



Challenges specific to emerging countries

Evidence that wearing a proper helmet significantly improves the chances of surviving an accident is overwhelming. Yet a large number of riders persist in riding without helmets, or with the chinstrap undone. In markets where motorcycles are a new phenomenon, this reluctance to wear helmets or to wear them correctly is often the result of a lack of knowledge.


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