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Transboundary Flood Risk Management in the UNECE Region

image of Transboundary Flood Risk Management in the UNECE Region
Floods are natural phenomena that are necessary for the survival and health of the eco-system. Floodplains have historically attracted socio-economic development and continue to support high densities of human population. This is particularly important where land resources suitable for human development are scarce. Especially in arid and semi-arid areas, flood waters represent a vital water resource. Floods can, however, also lead to wide-spread damage, health problems and the loss of human life. Transboundary flood risk management enables sharing and redistributing risks and resources. This publication is based on the practical experience from 10 river basins in the UNECE region, and gives analysis of situations, problems, challenges, and possible solutions.

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Foreword

Since the beginning of the century, more than 3 million people have been affected by floods in the region of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), 1.9 million in Eastern Europe alone. Extreme flood events and the economic, social and environmental impacts and losses in human life they cause have significantly increased in recent years. Against this already serious background, enhanced climate variability and climate change are expected to increase the frequency and intensity of floods.

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