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Transboundary Flood Risk Management in the UNECE Region

image of Transboundary Flood Risk Management in the UNECE Region
Floods are natural phenomena that are necessary for the survival and health of the eco-system. Floodplains have historically attracted socio-economic development and continue to support high densities of human population. This is particularly important where land resources suitable for human development are scarce. Especially in arid and semi-arid areas, flood waters represent a vital water resource. Floods can, however, also lead to wide-spread damage, health problems and the loss of human life. Transboundary flood risk management enables sharing and redistributing risks and resources. This publication is based on the practical experience from 10 river basins in the UNECE region, and gives analysis of situations, problems, challenges, and possible solutions.

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International guidelines and regulations for flood risk management

Integrated flood management (IFM) refers to the integration of land and water management in a river basin using a combination of measures. These focus on coping with floods within a frame-work of integrated water resources management (IWRM) and adopting risk management principles, while at the same time recognizing that floods have beneficial impacts and can never be fully controlled.

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