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Transboundary Flood Risk Management in the UNECE Region

image of Transboundary Flood Risk Management in the UNECE Region
Floods are natural phenomena that are necessary for the survival and health of the eco-system. Floodplains have historically attracted socio-economic development and continue to support high densities of human population. This is particularly important where land resources suitable for human development are scarce. Especially in arid and semi-arid areas, flood waters represent a vital water resource. Floods can, however, also lead to wide-spread damage, health problems and the loss of human life. Transboundary flood risk management enables sharing and redistributing risks and resources. This publication is based on the practical experience from 10 river basins in the UNECE region, and gives analysis of situations, problems, challenges, and possible solutions.

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Joint flood risk management planning and implementation

Flood risk management planning – for example as prescribed in the EU Floods Directive – focuses on the reduction of the potential adverse consequences of flooding for human health, the environment, cultural heritage and economic activity, on non-structural initiatives and on reduction of the likelihood of flooding. Flood risk management plans should aim to maximize the benefits of living in floodplains while minimizing the potential burden. They should focus on prevention, protection and preparedness.

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