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Transport for Sustainable Development

The Case of Inland Transport

image of Transport for Sustainable Development

This study examines issues, progress and challenges in global efforts to achieve sustainable mobility of freight and people using inland modes of transport. While transport is a precondition for social and economic interactions, it has negative impacts (crashes, pollution and greenhouse gas emissions). The study identifies main challenges and opportunities to accelerate transition to sustainability. It promotes an understanding of the five defining dimensions of sustainable transport - accessibility, affordability, safety, security and environmental performance. It brings theoretical insights and best practices from around the world and maps similarities and differences among countries in their efforts towards sustainability.

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Transport safety

Transport related injuries are major social, economic, development and public health problems. Developing countries and economies in transition bear the majority of this burden — as such road traffic crashes are a development issue that disproportionately affect the poor in low and middle-income countries. Globally, well over a million people are killed annually in road traffic accidents causing, in addition, to human loss and suffering, billions of dollars of associated costs which, in some countries, amount to 1-3 per cent of GDP (UNECE, 2012). The need for improving road safety has been acknowledged by the United Nations and its member States for almost 60 years. Extensive work on road safety has been carried out by different global and regional organizations, including the United Nations regional commissions, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank.

English

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