Transport for Sustainable Development

The Case of Inland Transport

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This study examines issues, progress and challenges in global efforts to achieve sustainable mobility of freight and people using inland modes of transport. While transport is a precondition for social and economic interactions, it has negative impacts (crashes, pollution and greenhouse gas emissions). The study identifies main challenges and opportunities to accelerate transition to sustainability. It promotes an understanding of the five defining dimensions of sustainable transport - accessibility, affordability, safety, security and environmental performance. It brings theoretical insights and best practices from around the world and maps similarities and differences among countries in their efforts towards sustainability.



Affordability: Affordable mobility for individuals and societies

Transport is critical for a well-functioning society; it facilitates production and distribution of goods as well as human mobility allowing people to take part in social and economic activities and access basic services, such as health and education. At the same time, it costs money and, thus, transport accessibility is controlled by the costs (and returns) of the passenger and freight transport services as well as by the sustainability of the investments associated with the upgrading and/or planning and construction of transportation infrastructure. This chapter takes a closer look at transport affordability—another crucial dimension of sustainable transport—provides an overview of factors that impact transport affordability for individuals and societies, discusses challenges and perspectives at the global and regional level, and highlights a number of best practice cases from different regions of the world.


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