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联合国 2009 年化石能源和矿产储量 与资源框架分类及应用规定

image of 联合国 2009 年化石能源和矿产储量 与资源框架分类及应用规定

This publication contains the text of the United Nations Framework Classification for Fossil Energy and Mineral Reserves and Resources 2009 (UNFC-2009) and the Specifications (basic rules) for its Application. UNFC-2009 is a universally acceptable and internationally applicable scheme for the classification and reporting of fossil energy and mineral reserves and resources and is currently the only classification in the world to do so. As with extractive activities, UNFC-2009 reflects conditions in the economic and social domain, including markets and government framework conditions, technological and industrial maturity and the ever present uncertainties. It provides a single framework on which to build international energy and mineral studies, analyze government resource management policies, plan industrial processes and allocate capital efficiently. The Specifications make UNFC-2009 operational. They set out the basic rules that are considered necessary to ensure an appropriate level of consistency in application. They provide additional instructions on how UNFC-2009 should be applied in specific circumstances. By covering all extractive activities, UNFC-2009 captures the common principles and provides a tool for consistent reporting for these activities, regardless of the commodity. It is a strong code that paves the way for improved global communications which will aid stability and security of supplies, governed by fewer and more widely understood rules and guidelines. The efficiencies to be gained through the global use of UNFC-2009 and its Specifications are substantial.

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前言

全面了解化石能源和矿产的当前和未来供应基础,对于有效管理资源而言,十分必要。这种评估的 依据是,配合其他科学和社会经济信息,以连贯的方式准确估计化石能源和矿产储量与资源。回应当地 需要或产业特定需要,一些不同标准随时间而演变,但我们现在是要满足全球化经济的要求。因而,对 于以共同和普遍适用标准的形式重新表述早期工作的兴趣日益增加。

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