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Yearbook of the United Nations 1997

image of Yearbook of the United Nations 1997

The 1997 edition of the Yearbook of the United Nations details the many activities of the Organization and its organs, programmes and bodies, as they are carried out in all corners of the globe. It gives an account of their endeavours to create better and more peaceful conditions for all mankind and record their efforts to deal with matters of pressing concern in a variety of areas, including peacekeeping and peacemaking, disarmament, human rights, trade and development, control of drug abuse and illicit trafficking, crime prevention, assistance to refugees and other vulnerable populations. This 1,652 pages volume is fully indexed and reproduces all major General Assembly, Security Council and Economic and Social Council resolutions issued during the year.

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United Nations reform

United Nations reform efforts in response to changes in the external environment took a major step forward in 1997 when the Secretary-General submitted to the General Assembly his two-track plan for managerial and institutional transformation. The first phase involved initiatives and decisions falling within his authority and which could be taken immediately, while the second targeted a longer-term programme of reform. The reforms focused on strengthening the Secretariat’s leadership capacity, increasing its administrative efficiency, reducing non-programme costs and turning the savings into a "dividend for development" and reshaping the Organization’s substantive work programmes. He also proposed that a Millennium Assembly be held in the year 2000 to review the role of the Organization vis-a-vis the challenges of the twenty-first century. The Assembly, in December, adopted those reforms recommended for immediate implementation and invited the Secretary-General to elaborate on his proposals for more fundamental change.

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