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Yearbook of the United Nations 1998

image of Yearbook of the United Nations 1998

The Yearbook of the United Nations, comprehensive and reliable, is the primary reference work on the United Nations. This fifty-second volume of the Yearbook details the many activities of the Organization and its organs, programmes and bodies in 1998. It provides an overview of the major challenges the Organization has addressed in a variety of areas, including peacekeeping and peacemaking; disarmament; human rights; refugees and displaced persons; international crime and corruption; natural resources and energy; and System-wide Special Initiative on Africa. This 1,500 pages volume is fully indexed and reproduces all major General Assembly, Security Council and Economic and Social Council resolutions issued during the year. It will be a valuable resource for diplomats, government officials, scholars, journalists and others with a serious interest in international and United Nations affairs.

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Asia and the Pacific

In the Asia and Pacific region, ongoing UN activities to verify Iraq’s compliance with its weapons-related obligations under Security Council resolution 687(1991), which brought a formal ceasefire to the 1991 Gulf War, suffered a major setback in 1998. A crisis was narrowly averted in February when, in the light of Iraq’s continued refusal to allow the UN Special Commission (UNSCOM) charged with verifying its disarmament to conduct further inspection activities, the Secretary-General travelled to Baghdad and negotiated a Memorandum of Understanding on access to sensitive sites. As a result of that agreement, UNSCOM’s inspections resumed in March. However, as the year progressed, Iraq’s resistence to transparency and sustained full cooperation stiffened and UNSCOM remained unable to report to the Council that Iraq had finally fulfilled its obligations so that the sanctions on it could be lifted. Iraq’s posture ultimately led UNSCOM and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the specialized agency monitoring Iraq’s nuclear activities, to withdraw from the country on 16 December. Following the withdrawal, the United States and the United Kingdom took independent military action against Iraq. In view of the continuing sanctions, the Council extended to 24 May 1999 the 1995 humanitarian programme for the Iraqi people based on an oil-for-food formula and raised the limit on the production of Iraqi oil to allow increased purchases of humanitarian goods.

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