Yearbook of the United Nations 1998

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The Yearbook of the United Nations, comprehensive and reliable, is the primary reference work on the United Nations. This fifty-second volume of the Yearbook details the many activities of the Organization and its organs, programmes and bodies in 1998. It provides an overview of the major challenges the Organization has addressed in a variety of areas, including peacekeeping and peacemaking; disarmament; human rights; refugees and displaced persons; international crime and corruption; natural resources and energy; and System-wide Special Initiative on Africa. This 1,500 pages volume is fully indexed and reproduces all major General Assembly, Security Council and Economic and Social Council resolutions issued during the year. It will be a valuable resource for diplomats, government officials, scholars, journalists and others with a serious interest in international and United Nations affairs.




The perennial problems of ethnic conflict and political instability continued to afflict a number of countries in Africa in 1998. Although the situation in some countries, including those of the Great Lakes region, seemed to improve slightly compared with 1997, in others new or renewed incidents of fighting were reported, as in Angola and Sierra Leone and along the border between Eritrea and Ethiopia. During the year, the Security Council adopted a series of resolutions and statements on ways to promote durable peace and sustainable development in the region. Action taken by the Council included the establishment of a working group to review the Secretary-General’s April recommendations on the causes of conflict and the promotion of peace and development in Africa; improving the effectiveness of arms embargoes; strengthening regional peacekeeping mechanisms; halting illicit arms flows to and within Africa; and protecting refugee camps. The Council President made statements on the causes of conflict and the promotion of peace, a ministerial meeting on Africa, regional arrangements in the maintenance of peace, and the possible establishment of post-conflict peace-building structures. In December, the General Assembly adopted a resolution encompassing all of those subjects.


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