Yearbook of the United Nations 2001

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The Yearbook of the United Nations, comprehensive and reliable, is the primary reference work on the United Nations. This fifty-fifth volume of the Yearbook details the many activities of the Organization and its organs, programmes and bodies in 2001. It provides an overview of the major challenges the Organization has addressed in a variety of areas, including peacekeeping and peacemaking; disarmament; human rights; refugees and displaced persons; international crime and corruption; natural resources and energy; and System-wide Special Initiative on Africa. This 1,500 pages volume is fully indexed and reproduces all major General Assembly, Security Council and Economic and Social Council resolutions issued during the year. It will be a valuable resource for diplomats, government officials, scholars, journalists and others with a serious interest in international and United Nations affairs.




Although Africa continued to be plagued by numerous conflicts in 2001, several of them showed signs of amelioration as political situations evolved and diplomatic efforts, including those by the United Nations, began to take effect and show positive results. The situation in waraffected countries was further complicated by problems of economic stagnation, flows of refugees and internally displaced persons, and the spread of HIV/AIDS. In some cases, for example Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Sierra Leone, warfare was fuelled by the illegal trade in raw diamonds, known as "conflict" or "blood" diamonds, and the exploitation of other natural resources. Various UN bodies investigated that issue.


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