Yearbook of the United Nations 2007

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With its comprehensive coverage of political and security matters, human rights issues, economic and social questions, legal issues, and institutional, administrative and budgetary matters, this publication is the most authoritative reference work available on the activities and concerns of the Organization. Fully indexed, the Yearbook includes the texts of all major General Assembly, Security Council and Economic and Social Council resolutions and decisions. This latest volume, the sixty-first, highlights the attention given by the United Nations in 2007 to conflicts in Afghanistan, Central Africa and in the Darfur region, as well as instability in the Middle East, along with the challenges posed by poverty, gender inequality, uneven development, climate change and terrorism.



Promotion of human rights

In 2007, the Human Rights Council took major steps to consolidate its status as the Organization’s primary forum for the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, a role it inherited from the former Commission on Human Rights, which was abolished in 2006. In fulfilment of that mandate, the Council held three regular sessions (fourth, fifth and sixth) during the year, adopting 53 resolutions, 16 decisions, two presidential statements and one draft resolution for adoption by the General Assembly. It also held a special session to address the situation of human rights in Myanmar. This chapter focuses on Council actions relating to the promotion of human rights. Other actions covered in the next two chapters address the protection of human rights and human rights country situations.


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