Yearbook of the United Nations 2009

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With its comprehensive coverage of political and security matters, human rights issues, economic and social questions, legal issues, and institutional, administrative and budgetary matters, the Yearbook of the United Nations stands as the most authoritative reference work on the activities and concerns of the Organization. Fully indexed, the Yearbook includes the texts of all major General Assembly, Security Council and Economic and Social Council resolutions and decisions, putting all of these in a narrative context of United Nations consideration, decision and action. In 2009, the Secretary-General called for the United Nations to become the hub of the new multilateralism. This latest volume of the Yearbook, the sixty-third, highlights the response of the Organization to the spreading economic crisis, ongoing food insecurity, and the influenza A(H1N1) pandemic, along with the looming climate crisis, against a broad spectrum of security, development, humanitarian and human rights challenges.



Promotion of human rights

Efforts to promote human rights were boosted in 2009 by several developments. The Human Rights Council examined the human rights record of 48 Member States through the Universal Periodic Review mechanism, designed to assess the human rights record of all States every four years. A variety of recommendations were made during the reviews, ranging from calls for ratification of human rights treaties, enactment of national legislation and deepened cooperation with human rights mechanisms, to specific action and measures at the national level. The Human Rights Council Advisory Committee, which provided expertise to the Council, held its second and third sessions and submitted 13 recommendations, while the Council’s complaint procedure, which consisted of the Working Group on Communications and the Working Group on Situations, addressed consistent patterns of gross and reliably attested human rights violations throughout the world.


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