2014 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development

Gender Equality and Sustainable Development

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Ensuring women’s economic empowerment and access to and control over resources requires an integrated approach to growth and development, focused on gender-responsive employment promotion and informed by the interdependency between economic and social development. Social objectives need to be incorporated into economic policies. Economic growth strategies should give attention to the real economy and focus on creating a gender-sensitive macroeconomic environment, full employment and decent work, access to land, property and other productive resources as well as financial services, and full coverage of social protection measures. The Survey outlines a number of concrete recommendations in these critical areas, which if adopted, will facilitate women’s equitable access to and control over economic and financial resources.



Population, sustainable development and gender equality

Population is a crucial aspect of sustainable development across its three dimensions. Population growth and decline, urban/rural location, migration, composition in terms of sex and age and a host of other factors all have an impact on economic growth and labour markets, health, the environment and the prospects for present and future generations. Population dynamics can significantly influence the possibilities for achieving a socially just and gender-responsive approach to sustainable development. The topic of population elicits debates about the relationships between humans and nature, men and women, old and young, rich and poor. Population policies often centre on women?s health, reproduction and sexuality. Population paradigms frequently attribute poverty to overpopulation; see the causes of environmental degradation and natural resource scarcity in population growth or mismanagement by poor people; and link reducing women?s fertility to mitigating climate change or preventing environmental destruction (UNDP, 2011).


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