A Tale of Multiple Disconnects

Why the 2030 Agenda does not (yet?) Contribute to Moving German Gender Equality Struggles Forward

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This study addresses the percolation and domestication of the United Nations’ “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – Transforming our World” in Germany with a view to understanding its impact on domestic gender equality policies. Concentrating on federal-level policymaking, the main finding of the study is that the 2030 Agenda and SDG 5 have, as of yet, not had a discernible impact on domestic gender equality struggles. This is surprising, since the 2030 Agenda offers a holistic conception of sustainability, and thus has the “value added” advantage of merging and transcending the rather disjointed gender, social justice, and ecological sustainability policy strands. Based on 28 interviews with government officials, CSO representatives, and researchers, the study observes multiple disconnects. There is a lack of cohesion and consistency across ministries and civil society actors, resulting in a horizontal disconnect. There is a vertical disconnect between the 2030 Agenda as a multilateral agreement and its domestication. Perhaps because the 2030 Agenda is a soft-law tool, it has limited clout for transformative change; it is moreover seen to be weaker on gender equality commitments than other pertinent international agreements. An obvious conclusion of the study is to strengthen institutional linkages. The vision of gender equality needs to resonate with all actors supporting sustainable development. This could support women’s struggles in addressing Germany’s structural gender disadvantages.



Between ignorance, arrogance and enthusiasm: tracing the missing links

Against this backdrop of mapping the horizontal and vertical disconnects, we now turn to possible explanations as to why these disconnects exist and why the 2030 Agenda has no discernible impact on domestic gender equality struggles in Germany. We identify several obstacles for the 2030 Agenda to act as a driver of transformative change in the realm of gender equality in Germany. While Germany enthusiastically promotes the 2030 Agenda internationally, its domestication faces a number of obstacles. Possible interconnected causes may include:


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