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World Fertility Report 2013

Fertility at the Extremes

image of World Fertility Report 2013
World Fertility Report 2013: Fertility at the Extremes is the fifth in a series and focuses on trends in fertility over the past 20 years and key factors underlying these trends for countries at the extremes of fertility: 66 countries with more than 3.2 children per woman in 2005-2010 and 70 countries with 2.0 children per woman or less in 2005-2010. The data presented are from World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision, the official United Nations publication of population estimates and projections. Country data are taken from the same report, other United Nations sources or national sources, as appropriate.

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High fertility

Since the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994, fertility has continued to fall in many countries and regions in the world. However, fertility still remains considerably above replacement level in a significant number of countries, predominantly in sub-Saharan Africa. Trends in high-fertility countries are important to understand as these countries are increasingly responsible for the largest portion of global population growth. Furthermore, most high-fertility countries are also low-income countries, where a growing and youthful population challenges the public provision of basic services such as for education and health.

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