World Fertility Report 2013

Fertility at the Extremes

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World Fertility Report 2013: Fertility at the Extremes is the fifth in a series and focuses on trends in fertility over the past 20 years and key factors underlying these trends for countries at the extremes of fertility: 66 countries with more than 3.2 children per woman in 2005-2010 and 70 countries with 2.0 children per woman or less in 2005-2010. The data presented are from World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision, the official United Nations publication of population estimates and projections. Country data are taken from the same report, other United Nations sources or national sources, as appropriate.




Fertility levels have undergone remarkable changes throughout the world since the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. This report focused on fertility and its correlates at the extremes: countries with very low fertility and those with very high fertility. High fertility is increasingly a characteristic of the least developed countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Low fertility, previously a characteristic of countries in Europe, has become far more widespread in other regions, with some countries experiencing very rapid fertility transitions at lower levels of human development than was the case historically.


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