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World Fertility Report 2013

Fertility at the Extremes

image of World Fertility Report 2013
World Fertility Report 2013: Fertility at the Extremes is the fifth in a series and focuses on trends in fertility over the past 20 years and key factors underlying these trends for countries at the extremes of fertility: 66 countries with more than 3.2 children per woman in 2005-2010 and 70 countries with 2.0 children per woman or less in 2005-2010. The data presented are from World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision, the official United Nations publication of population estimates and projections. Country data are taken from the same report, other United Nations sources or national sources, as appropriate.

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Low fertility

Low fertility (defined in this report as total fertility of 2.0 children per woman or less) is fast becoming the norm for many countries in the world and is no longer a predominantly European phenomenon. Countries in parts of Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean are experiencing fertility levels that are below the replacement level of 2.1 children per woman. Eastern Asia has become a region of especially low fertility, with total fertility of 1.4 children per woman or less in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China, Japan, Macao SAR of China, and the Republic of Korea. While 39 of the 70 low-fertility countries in 2005-2010 are in Europe, 16 are in Asia and 12 are in Latin America and the Caribbean (figure I.1). Australia, Canada and Mauritius are the only low-fertility countries in Oceania, Northern America and Africa, respectively.

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