Investing in Energy Security Risk Mitigation

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Developments in the energy markets, particularly for hydrocarbons, over the last decade have contributed to an increased sense of vulnerability among countries about the future availability of reasonable priced energy. As a result, energy security is once again uppermost in the minds of the general public and policymakers. Therefore, investing in future energy sources to meet the growing global demand for energy is likely to remain a major preoccupation of countries for the foreseeable future. The publication addresses challenges facing the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) region in achieving a secure and sustainable energy future. It discusses government roles in energy investment, methods of financing energy projects, performance of national oil companies, and four country case studies, and presents conclusions and recommendations on energy security, including on infrastructure investment and financing.



Investment requirements and recent trends

The energy industry faces increasing capital requirements over the next 10 to 30 years to maintain existing capacity and develop new capacity to meet growing demand. Particularly in electric power, many emerging countries will require significant investment in generation and distribution infrastructure as demand grows in response to economic development. Similarly, developed countries must upgrade old facilities that are nearing the end of their usable lives, and will have to make significant investments in response to domestic demand for cleaner fuels and environmentally friendly technologies. Expenditures in energy infrastructure investment of nearly US$ 22 trillion through 2030 will be required, over half of which will be in the power sector


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