Occupied Palestinian Territory

The Occupied Palestinian Territory has been occupied by Israel since 1967; the Oslo Agreements (1994 and 1997) transferred security and civilian responsibility of specified areas in the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the Fatah-led Palestinian Authority (PA). In 2006, Hamas won the Legislative Council elections and took control of the Gaza Strip and approaches for a unified government failed and reconciliation attempts have been stalled in recent years. In addition to the Israeli blockade of Gaza, starting in 2007, the escalation and cyclical nature of hostilities in 2008, 2014, and 2021 between the two parties has been the main source of ERW contamination. The State of Palestine is a party to the APMBC, the Convention on Cluster Munitions, and the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (Protocols I, III, V).

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