Declaration of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace

The question of establishing a zone of peace in the Indian Ocean was included in the agenda of the General Assembly for the first time in 1971, under an item entitled “Declaration of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace”, at the request of Sri Lanka, later joined by the United Republic of Tanzania. As a result of that initiative, the General Assembly adopted resolution 2832 (XXVI), by which the Indian Ocean, within limits to be determined, together with the airspace above and the ocean floor subjacent thereto, was designated for all time as a zone of peace. The Assembly also called upon the great Powers to enter in to consultations with the littoral States of the Indian Ocean with a view to halting the further escalation of their military presence there and to eliminating from the are a all bases, military installations and logistical supply facilities, nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. Further more, it called upon the littoral and hinterland States, the permanent members of the Security Council and other major maritime users of the Indian Ocean to enter into consultations aimed at the implementation of the Declaration whereby (a) warships and military aircraft would not use the Indian Ocean for any threat or use of force against any littoral or hinterland State; (6) the right to free and unimpeded use of the zone by the vessels of all nations would be ensured; and (c) international agreement would be reached for the maintenance of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace.

Related Subject(s): Disarmament
Sustainable Development Goals:
Countries: India
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