The United Nations played a pivotal role in 1989 in assisting Central American countries to achieve peace in the region. In February. August and December, the five Central American Presidents (Costa Rica. El Salvador. Guatemala. Honduras, Nicaragua) and Panama agreed on further measures to implement the security undertakings of their 1987 Esquipulas II summit. In July, the Security Council called on the Presidents to continue their efforts to achieve a firm and lasting peace in Central America and expressed support for the Secretary-General’s mission of good offices (resolution 637(1989)). At the request of the Presidents, the United Nations, in co-operation with the Organization of American States, set up the International Support and Verification Commission to promote compliance with the agreements reached by the Central American Presidents. The Security Council, on the Secretary-General’s recommendation, established the United Nations Observer Group in Central America, for an initial six months, to verify the cessation of aid to irregular forces and insurrectionist movements and the non-use of the territory of one State for attacks on another (resolution 644(1989). The General Assembly approved funds for its financing (resolution 44/44).

Related Subject(s): United Nations
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