The World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

International co-operation in the field of meteorology was first established by an international conference held in Brussels in 1853 primarily for the purpose of dealing with the weather and climate of the oceans. In 1872, an unofficial Conference of Directors of Meteorological Institutes was held at Leipzig, followed by an official International Meteorological Congress in Vienna in 1873. This Congress established a permanent International Meteorological Committee which, in 1878, prepared a scheme for the establishment of an International Meteorological Organization (IMO) to study the atmosphere as a unit and to secure, through international co-operation, uniformity and accuracy in meteorological observations and calculations.

Related Subject(s): United Nations
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