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2008年关于工业统计的国际建议

image of 2008年关于工业统计的国际建议

The present publication is a component of the United Nations Statistics Division initiative for strengthening countries methodological and operational foundation for industrial statistics. Although this publication makes recommendations for industrial statistics, many elements of its recommendations, like those for the definition and delineation of statistical units and its guidance on a data-collection strategy and data compilation practices, are generally applicable to the development of an integrated economic statistics system for business statistics in general, with a view to collecting, compiling and reporting basic economic data across economic activities, in the most cost-efficient manner, consistent with macroeconomic statistics. This publication is designed to provide a comprehensive methodological framework for the collection and reporting of industrial statistics in all countries, irrespective of the level of development of their statistical systems.

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第 三 章 统计单位特征

统计单位以能够对其进行适当识别的若干描述性变量为特征。这些 特征有助于:收集单位及其结构信息,为统计调查提供了样本基础,使不同来 源的数据之间可以进行对比和联系,从而在很大程度上减少数据的重复收集和 应答负担。统计单位的主要特征有:识别码、地点、活动种类、经济组织类 型、法定组织类型和所有权、规模以及人口特征。

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