Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean 2012

image of Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean 2012
As in previous years, this report provides a quantitative overview of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows and examines these capital flows by destination economic sector and geographical area of origin. It describes the pattern of FDI originating in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, focusing on the international expansion under way at some of the region’s major companies, the so-called trans-Latins. The main theme of this report is the operations of European companies in Latin American and Caribbean. The report examines the behaviour and strategy of the major European transnationals and, in search of a more thorough understanding, takes a detailed look at two sectors where foreign capital, especially from Europe, plays a substantial role: commercial banking and power.



Foreign direct investment in the agricultural and agro-industry sector in Latin America and the Caribbean

Agriculture and agro-industry are currently the focus of a global debate on food security, energy security and climate change. The world population is expected to reach 9 billion by 2050; to meet the demand for food, agricultural production will need to increase by 70% over the level recorded in 2006 (FAO, 2009). Virtually all of the net population increase of 2 billion will be in the emerging and developing economies. This demographic trend is accompanied by rising family incomes (see figure III.1) and an increasingly Westernized diet based on higher consumption of animal protein (see figure III.2) and more highly processed food.


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