1945

Introduction

Population ageing is a human success story, reflecting the advancement of public health, medicine, and economic and social development, and their contribution to the control of disease, prevention of injury, and reduction in the risk of premature death. The extension of human longevity and subsequent reduction in levels of fertility lead inevitably to a shift in the population age distribution from younger to older ages. Population ageing is one of the four “mega-trends” that characterize the global population of today—population growth, population ageing, urbanization and international migration. Each of these mega-trends will continue to have substantial and lasting impacts on sustainable development in the decades to come.

Related Subject(s): Population and Demography
Sustainable Development Goals:
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