Road traffic crashes and consequential injuries are among the leading causes of death globally, with 1.35 million deaths worldwide in 2016. On top of the fatalities, between 20 and 50 million people suffer serious injuries in road traffic crashes every year. While the most developed countries have in general terms succeeded in taming the rate of road crashes even as their motorization rates have increased steadily during the past two to three decades, low-income and middle-income countries still suffer from high mortality rates due to road traffic injuries with 27.5 and 19.5 deaths per 100,000 population respectively. Road traffic crashes also result in enormous economic losses, estimated at between 2 to 5 per cent of national Gross Domestic Product. Such levels of road traffic deaths and serious injuries are unacceptable in terms of human suffering and societal and economic costs and, are not sustainable.

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