In the event of injury crashes, effective emergency care (pre-hospital and hospital trauma care) services play an essential role in limiting the consequences in terms of death and disability. Although the principle of emergency care is similar across countries, the complexity of service, the capacity of care providers and the coordination system vary from one country to other and sometimes among regions within a country. Low-income countries generally have poor emergency care services and as a result high rates of mortality and disability. The estimated prevalence of road traffic injury (RTI) among trauma patients in sub-Sahara Africa is 32 per cent (Vissoci JRN, 2017). A similar trend has been reported in Ethiopia where RTI accounts for more than 31.5 per cent (Aklilu E. 2019).

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