Implications for liner shipping connectivity

COVID-19 affected not only maritime cargo flows and port calls but also liner shipping connectivity levels. It would be important to ascertain whether the observed shift is temporary or permanent. Of equal importance is to understand whether and, if so, how lower trade volumes and reduced ship port calls have affected the determinants of ports’ and countries liner shipping connectivity levels. There is a need to investigate whether there has been a change in the number of services, operators, deployed capacity, direct connections as well as ship sizes.

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