Transnational Corporations, December 2012
  • E-ISSN: 2076099X


This paper provides preliminary evidence on the use of non-equity modalities by transnational corporations in the hotel industry and discusses the conditions that may favour the choice of one of these modalities as a substitute for foreign direct investment. Based on secondary data and interviews with experts of the hospitality industry, the study looks at the expansion of the major international hotel chains and focuses on the issues of control, transferability of resources and institutional framework to explain the choice of a non-equity governance form. Concentrating on three of the main growth markets in the hospitality sector, China, India and the United Arab Emirates, the study highlights some implications of non-equity modalities in terms of host country impact, emphasizing the issues of skill development, knowledge transfer and procurement linkages, and identifies areas for further research.

Sustainable Development Goals:
Related Subject(s): Economic and Social Development

You do not have access to article level metrics. Please click here to request access

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error