Designing Household Survey Samples

Practical Guidelines

image of Designing Household Survey Samples
This publication serves as a handbook that includes the main sample survey design issues that can conveniently be referred to by practicing national statisticians, researchers and analysts involved in sample survey work and activities in countries. Methodologically sound techniques that are grounded in statistical theory are used in this handbook, implying the use of probability sampling at each stage of the sample selection process. A well-designed household survey that is properly implemented can generate necessary information of sufficient quality and accuracy with speed and at a relatively low cost. The content of this publication can also be used, as a training guide for introductory courses in sample survey design at various statistical training institutions that offer courses in applied statistics, especially survey methodology.

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Non-sampling errors in household surveys

Both sampling errors and non-sampling errors need to be controlled and reduced to a level at which their presence does not defeat the usefulness of the final survey results. In the preceding chapters on sample design and estimation methodology, much attention was focused on sampling error and somewhat less on other sources of variation in surveys, such as nonresponse and non coverage, which make up the class of errors known collectively as non-sampling errors. Non-sampling errors are particularly harmful when they are non-random, because of the bias they introduce in survey estimates.

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