Social Panorama of Latin America 2004

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The 2004 edition of the Social Panorama of Latin America analyses the major demographic changes that have occurred in the region over the past few decades, examines the socioeconomic status of Latin American youth, looks at institutional and programmatic guidelines for youth policies and describes how household structures and family roles have changed. As in past years, recent trends in poverty and income distribution in the Latin American countries are also reviewed.



Internal migration and spatial distribution

Three out of every four persons in Latin America and the Caribbean live in urban locations, the highest rate in the developing world. In most countries in the region, the urban structure is based on large metropolises; in fact, one out of every three people in the region lives in a city with a population of one million or more. Furthermore, the urban structure tends to be dominated by primate cities, since in most countries, the main city accounts for more than a quarter of the national population and more than one third of the urban population.


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