Environmental Performance Reviews: Romania

Second Review

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The second Environmental Performance Review of Romania takes stock of the progress made by Romania in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2001. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations contained in the first review. This second EPR also covers 10 issues of importance to Romania related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular the sustainable management and protection of water resources, waste management, climate change, forestry, biodiversity and protected areas. The publication is aimed at officials and experts working for public authorities responsible for environmental policy, representatives of civil society, the business community, academia and the media.



Expenditures for environmental protection

Romania is a small, open economy with an openness ratio (exports and imports relative to GDP) of some 75 per cent in 2008–2010. The EU is the major market for Romania’s exports as well as the major origin of its imports, with a more than 70 cent share of its world exports (imports). As is the case in other countries with economies that underwent a process of transition, the services sector now accounts for the largest proportion of total gross value added (64.8 per cent in 2010), followed by industry (28.5 per cent) and agriculture, forestry and fishing (6.7 per cent). Yet the agricultural sector still occupies a very important role in the labour market, accounting for 30 per cent of total employment in 2010. This also reflects the very low productivity in the agricultural sector relative to the other sectors. The corresponding shares of industry and services are 28.7 per cent and 41.2 per cent respectively.


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