Environmental Performance Reviews: Romania

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Romania

The second Environmental Performance Review of Romania takes stock of the progress made by Romania in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2001. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations contained in the first review. This second EPR also covers 10 issues of importance to Romania related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular the sustainable management and protection of water resources, waste management, climate change, forestry, biodiversity and protected areas. The publication is aimed at officials and experts working for public authorities responsible for environmental policy, representatives of civil society, the business community, academia and the media.



Policymaking framework for environmental protection and sustainable development

Since the first EPR, in 2001, Romania has gone through relevant economic, social and environmental changes. These changes were closely connected to the country’s intention to become a member State of the EU. Although the application for EU membership was submitted in 1995, formal accession negotiations started only in 2000. It took a long time to meet all of the membership criteria (political, economic and legal), and Romania had to make a concerted effort to create the conditions for integration. In the following years, changes concerned both administrative structures and national legislation. It is important to transpose the EU legislation into national legislation; however, it is even more important to implement and enforce it effectively.


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