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Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkmenistan

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkmenistan

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) carries out Environmental Performance Reviews (EPR) in its member States that are not members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in order to improve their environmental management by recommending ways to achieve better policy implementation. This first EPR of Turkmenistan covers 13 issues related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular the sustainable management and protection of water resources, waste management, air pollution, forestry, biodiversity and protected areas, energy and climate change.

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Introduction

Turkmenistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea to the west. The Caspian Sea coast, 1,786 km long, is the longest of the country’s borders. Its other borders are with the Islamic Republic of Iran (to the south, 992 km long), the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (to the southeast, 744 km), and the Republics of Uzbekistan (to the north and east, 1,621 km) and Kazakhstan (to the north, 379 km). Turkmenistan has 488,100 km² of territory, which stretches 1,100 km from west to east, and 650 km from north to south.

English

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