Environmental Performance Reviews: Morocco

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The present publication contains the Environmental Performance Review of Morocco. This report also covers 13 issues of importance to the country related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects, and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular agriculture, energy, health, industry, biodiversity and protected areas, water and waste management. The Morocco review was notable as it is the first country outside of the region to request an EPR from ECE, and the process was undertaken in cooperation with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA). The publication is aimed at officials and experts working for public authorities responsible for environmental policy, representatives of civil society, the business community, academia and the media.

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Air protection

Over the period 2003–2012, the population of Morocco increased by 10.4 per cent while its urban population increased by 18 per cent, with a strong urban concentration in coastal zones (94 per cent of the population in Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra, 92 per cent of that in Grand Casablanca and 83 per cent of that in Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaër is urban). Economic activities, such as energy production and industries, are mostly concentrated in these zones, thus triggering the rapid development of road transport traffic. As a result, in addition to the industrial sector, the transport sector is becoming a main contributor to emissions into air, in particular of sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxide (NOx), particulate matter (PM) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which also produce ozone pollution – a major source of pollution in urban and suburban zones – when exposed to sunlight.

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