HIV/AIDS and the Security Sector in Africa

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Throughout history, communicable diseases have weakened the capacity of state institutions to perform core security functions, which compelled many African countries to initiate policies aimed at addressing the impact of HIV/AIDS on the armed forces, police and prisons. These policies address: 1) the role of peacekeepers in the spread or control of HIV, 2) public health versus human rights dilemma, 3) the gender dimensions of HIV in the armed forces, and 4) the impact of HIV on the police and prisons. While this volume does not address all aspects of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the security sector, the contributors nonetheless highlight the potentials and limits of existing policies in Africa’s security sector.



Challenges to the regeneration of the armed forces: HIV/AIDS and its impact on the military life-cycle

In order to survive and grow, an organization has to continuously replenish the resources that support its functions. Perhaps the most important of these are human resources because they are capable of unlocking the true value of an organization. From the beginnings of recorded history, there have always been challenges in terms of adequately and efficiently staffing armies. Historically, disease has been a major determinant of the rate at which armies grew, moved and conquered.


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