Second Assessment of Transboundary Rivers, Lakes and Groundwaters

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The key goal of the second Assessment of Transboundary Rivers, Lakes and Groundwaters is to keep the state of shared water resources in Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia under scrutiny. It aims to facilitate informed decision-making on their management, provide the basis for continuous bilateral and multilateral cooperation under the Water Convention, and support all actors involved at the national, transboundary and regional levels. More than 150 transboundary rivers, 40 lakes and some 200 transboundary groundwater occurrences have been assessed in close cooperation with the national environment and water administrations in the European and Asian parts of the UNECE region, and high attention is being devoted to the countries with economies in transition which are facing the biggest challenges.



Objectives and scope

The Second Assessment has been developed under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention). The Water Convention fosters sustainable management of shared water resources through stable and predictable cooperation. An important obligation for Parties to achieve the Convention’s aims is to carry out, at regular intervals, joint or coordinated assessments of the conditions of transboundary waters and the effectiveness of measures taken to prevent, control and reduce transboundary impacts of their activities. Indeed, accurate assessments of the status of water resources, and the nature and magnitude of water problems, are essential for preparing proper policy actions at the local, national and transboundary levels.


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