Transport for Sustainable Development

The Case of Inland Transport

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This study examines issues, progress and challenges in global efforts to achieve sustainable mobility of freight and people using inland modes of transport. While transport is a precondition for social and economic interactions, it has negative impacts (crashes, pollution and greenhouse gas emissions). The study identifies main challenges and opportunities to accelerate transition to sustainability. It promotes an understanding of the five defining dimensions of sustainable transport - accessibility, affordability, safety, security and environmental performance. It brings theoretical insights and best practices from around the world and maps similarities and differences among countries in their efforts towards sustainability.



Intermodal transport and modal shift

Economic, social and environmental sustainability can only be achieved with an integrated transport system. When water, road and rail transport work together, the comparative advantage of each mode can be exploited optimally. For example, containerization, which allows for multi-modal transportation of goods, has enabled stakeholders to benefit from the advantages of different modes of transport. Integration of transport systems is a complex task with many dimensions.


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