Transport for Sustainable Development

The Case of Inland Transport

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This study examines issues, progress and challenges in global efforts to achieve sustainable mobility of freight and people using inland modes of transport. While transport is a precondition for social and economic interactions, it has negative impacts (crashes, pollution and greenhouse gas emissions). The study identifies main challenges and opportunities to accelerate transition to sustainability. It promotes an understanding of the five defining dimensions of sustainable transport - accessibility, affordability, safety, security and environmental performance. It brings theoretical insights and best practices from around the world and maps similarities and differences among countries in their efforts towards sustainability.




In transport, accessibility refers to the peoples’ ability to reach goods, services, activities and destinations from a given location, using the available transportation system. Many factors affect accessibility, including the transport needs and abilities of individuals, the quality of the transport options, the connectivity of the various links and modes, the land use patterns, and the quality/costs of alternative solutions (Litman, 2012). Transport accessibility impacts immensely on both the economy and human development, as improved accessibility to transport can facilitate the achievement of many economic, social and environmental objectives.


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