Transport for Sustainable Development

The Case of Inland Transport

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This study examines issues, progress and challenges in global efforts to achieve sustainable mobility of freight and people using inland modes of transport. While transport is a precondition for social and economic interactions, it has negative impacts (crashes, pollution and greenhouse gas emissions). The study identifies main challenges and opportunities to accelerate transition to sustainability. It promotes an understanding of the five defining dimensions of sustainable transport - accessibility, affordability, safety, security and environmental performance. It brings theoretical insights and best practices from around the world and maps similarities and differences among countries in their efforts towards sustainability.



Sustainable development: The current situation and the way forward

Transport is an essential component of sustainable development. Sustainability of transport is affected by socioeconomic, demographic and environmental megatrends that affect people at all levels and transform societies. The present economic growth, which has been associated with a ‘reversed’ geographical fragmentation of production, has created particular transport patterns such as increasing transport volumes in the non-OECD regions. At the same time, the significant changes in global population size, age structure, household size and urbanization expected for the twenty-first century may have substantial implications for inland transport—in terms of transport patterns, energy use and GHG emissions. The increasing effects of climate change and climate variation on transport infrastructure and services will cause further complications.


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