1945

North America

The enterprises of science and Technology (S&T) across North America - encompassing Canada, Mexico and the USA - are generally healthy. At the same time, however, the scientific community faces relentless retrenchment as governments, firms and universities Lighten budgets. Similarly, the technological community confronts shorter timetables to meet sharpened economic goals. Both communities are more concerned with faster and more efficient transfer of knowledge: university and government laboratories with supply-side 'dissemination' of scientific results, and industrial Technologists with demand-side 'search' for technology. This chapter highlights trends in each country as well as regional activity and global comparisons. National profiles reveal the paradox of rising expectations for rapid progress in research and increasing constraints on finance for the work.

Sustainable Development Goals:
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