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CEPAL Review No. 105, December 2011
  • E-ISSN: 16840348

Abstract

This article analyses the relationship between energy consumption in industry and industrial productivity and the implications of this for sustainable development. To this end, it presents a matrix characterizing economies as: (i) converging or diverging in terms of energy consumption per unit of value added, and (ii) catching up with or falling further behind the productivity level of the international frontier (the United States). On the basis of data from the industrial surveys of four Latin American countries (Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico), it concludes that the region’s evident specialization in natural resource-intensive sectors has contributed to a pattern of high energy consumption and slow productivity growth, and that while there is no productive convergence, there is evidence of energy sustainability in three of the four countries analysed.

Related Subject(s): Economic and Social Development

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