CEPAL Review No. 105, December 2011
  • E-ISSN: 16840348


This article analyses the relationship between energy consumption in industry and industrial productivity and the implications of this for sustainable development. To this end, it presents a matrix characterizing economies as: (i) converging or diverging in terms of energy consumption per unit of value added, and (ii) catching up with or falling further behind the productivity level of the international frontier (the United States). On the basis of data from the industrial surveys of four Latin American countries (Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico), it concludes that the region’s evident specialization in natural resource-intensive sectors has contributed to a pattern of high energy consumption and slow productivity growth, and that while there is no productive convergence, there is evidence of energy sustainability in three of the four countries analysed.

Related Subject(s): Economic and Social Development

You do not have access to article level metrics. Please click here to request access

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error